Yoga Therapist

1. Name of the Certification: Yoga Therapist (YTh)

2. Requirement/ Eligibility: –
(a). For open candidates, there are no eligibility criteria
(b). Any Degree holder

3. Brief Role Description: – Can work along with a certified physician or certified Yoga Consultant to give Yoga Therapy on all disorders.

4. Minimum age: – No age limit

5. Personal Attributes: –
The job requires individuals to have good communication skills, time management, and the ability to understand the body language of the trainees. The job requires individuals to possess key qualities such as self-discipline, confidence, maturity, patience, compassion, active listening, time management, empathy, language proficiency, ability to build caring relationships, friendly and approachability, credibility, etc.

6. Credit points for certificate: – 46 credits

7. Duration of course: – Not less than 800 hours (Contact the program for 100 hrs. to be conducted on Anatomy, Physiology).

8. Mark Distribution: Total Marks: 200 (Theory:100+Practical: 100)

Theory: – Unit Name and Marks

Yoga and Human Body- 20

Fundamental Principles of Yoga Therapy- 20

Yoga And Health-20

Application of Yoga Therapy in Traditional Yoga Texts- 20

Total Physiological and Psychological Effects of Hatha Yoga Practices- 20

Total Marks: – 100

Practical: – Practical Work and Marks

Demonstration Skills-30

Teaching Skills-20

Evaluation Skills- 20

Application of knowledge-20

Field Experience 10

Total Marks: – 100

Theory Syllabus

Unit 1:- Yoga & Human Body

  • Anatomy & Physiology

1.1 Musculo-Skeletal System: – Muscle – Classification – Histology – properties of each type – distribution – Mechanism of muscle contraction (Brief) – neuromuscular transmission (Brief), ligaments, tendons, Skeleton-Bones-types, Structure & function, Spinal column. Joints – Types, Structure, Functions.

1.2 Blood and Immune System: – Composition of blood corpuscles – R.B.C., W.B.C., Platelets. Plasma, Hemoglobin – Coagulation of blood and anticoagulants. Blood groups and their importance, lymphatic system, Immunity – types & mechanism.

1.3 Cardiovascular system: –Anatomy of Heart and blood vessels – -Innervations of heart – Properties of cardiac muscle – Control of cardiac cycle and circulation – Cardiac output – Blood pressure.

1.4 Respiratory System: – Anatomy-Gross & Histological – Mechanism of Breathing, Exchange of gases Pulmonary function tests-lung volumes – Control of respiration.

1.5 Digestive system: – Anatomy – Gross and Histological – Mechanism of secretion of – Saliva, Gastric Juice, Pancreatic Juice, Bile, Intestinal secretion – Role of these secretions in the digestion of food, absorption and assimilation, and formation of faces.

1.6 Excretory System and temperature regulation: – Anatomy-Gross & Histology – Functions of glomeruli and renal tubules Micturition and composition of urine -structure, and functions of skin-Regulation of body temperature.

1.7 Endocrine System: – Anatomy – Gross & Histological, Thyroid, Parathyroid, Suprarenal, Pituitary, Islets of Langerhans – Function of thyroid and parathyroid hormone, the effect of hypo and hyperactivity on the body. Hormones of suprarenal and their action and effect of hypo &hyperactivity on the body. Hormones of the pituitary gland- its action and effect of hypo &hyperactivity on the body. Role of insulin in glucose metabolism.

1.8 Special senses: – Eyes Anatomy – Histology of retina, Corneal function, Physiology of vision & accommodation, Sense of smell – nasal mucosa, tongue, taste buds. Ear-Mechanism of hearing and function of the semicircular canal.

1.9 Reproductive System: – Anatomy – Gross & History of Male reproductive system – Spermatogenesis. Female reproductive system – Ovarian hormones, Menstruation, Pregnancy, Parturition, Lactation.

1.10 Nervous System: – Anatomy – Gross – Cerebrum, cerebellum, Spinal cord. Histology – Nerve – structure, and properties of neurons – Nerve – Action Potential – generation propagation – factors influencing. Classification of neurons and nerve fibers Receptors and the reflex arc. Functions and important connections of Cerebrum, Pons, Medulla, Thalamus, Hypothalamus, Cerebellum – Autonomic nervous system – Sympathetic and parasympathetic – anatomy & functions.

1.11 Homeostasis: – The concept of homeostasis, Homeostasis, Regulatory systems of the body, Characteristics of control systems, Physiological basis of mind-body intervention.

  • Anatomy & Physiology

Study of – cognitive processes. Higher mental processes, feelings, emotions, mental abilities, and personality. A comparative study of total personality according to Yoga and Modern Psychology. Its Meaning, definition, and nature of consciousness as described in Vedas, Upanishads, Bhagwad Gita, Yogasutra, and Yogavashishtha; Spiritual and scientific approaches to human consciousness. Yogic Method of elevation of human consciousness: Bhakti yoga, Jnana yoga, Karmayoga, Mantra yoga, Ashtanga yoga, Hathayoga.

  • Yoga & Diet

Concept and types of diet in Traditional Yogic Texts; Concept of food and Nutrition and its components, concept of Health and Malnutrition, Assessment of Nutritional status, knowledge of Therapeutic Modifications of Normal Diet, Preparation of Therapeutic charts for special groups/patients, Role of Yogic diet in health and disease.

Unit 2:- Fundamental Principles of Yoga Therapy

2.1 Concept of Yoga and Health in Indian Traditional Systems of Medicine i.e., Ayurveda, Naturopathy, and Siddha Systems of Medicine, Utility and Limitations of these systems of Yoga and health.

2.2 Yogic Concept of Health: Meaning and definitions, Concept of Adhi and Vyadhi, Role of Yoga in preventive health care – HeyamdukhamanagatamTapatrayas, Kleshas, and Anatryas.

2.3 Concepts of Trigunas, Pancha-mahabhutas, Pancha-prana, and Pancha Koshas.

2.4 Role of Yogic Positive Attitudes (Maitri, Karuna, Mudita, and Upeksha) for Healthy Living, Concept of Bhavas and Bhavanas with its relevance in health and well-being.

2.5 Concept of Aahara, Vihara, Aachara and Vichara.

2.6 Role of ShuddhiPrakriyas in preventive, promotive, and curative aspects of Yoga Therapy -Health, Karma Shuddhi (Yama, Niyama), GhataShuddhi (Shatkarma), SnayuShuddhi (Asana), Prana Shuddhi (Pranayama), Indriya and Mano Shuddhi (Pratyahara), Mana, Buddhi, Ahamkara and ChittaShuddhi (Dharana, Dhyana, and Samadhi).

Unit 3:- Application of Yoga Therapy in Traditional Yoga Texts

3.1 Bhagavadgita: – Definitions of Yoga in Bhagavadgita and their relevance in Yoga therapy, Concept of Samkhya Yoga in Bhagavadgita,Significance of Bhagavadgita as a synthesis of Yoga, Concept of SthitaPrajna, stages and characteristic of it. Concept of Atman (Purusha) and Jivatman in Bhagavadgita. Concept of Paramatman (Parmeshwar or Purushottam) as described in Bhagavadgita, Concept of the world (Jagat, Samsar) as described in Bhagavadgita, Psychotherapy concept of Bhagavadgita in various mental disorders like depression, anxiety,etc, Significance of Yogasadhana, Karmayoga, Jnana Yoga, Dhyana Yoga and Bhakti Yoga in Bhagavadgita, Concept, and classification of Ahara and its role in Adhyatma Sadhana as described in Bhagavadgita, Concept of Triguna in the context of Bhagavadgita, Importance of Bhagavadgita in day-to-day life.

3.2 Patanjala Yoga Sutra: – Applications and Understanding of Patanjala Yoga & Personality Development. The nature of the seer in a pure state, Concept of Vrttis – Nature, classification, definition, a method to control of chittavrttis (Abhyasa and Vairagya), Ishwarapranidhana– a means to attain Samadhi, Definition & quality of Ishwara; Chittavikshepa, Chittaprasadana, and its associates, Samadhi and its classification, Sabijasamadhi, Speciality of Nirvichara, Rthambaraprajna, Nirbijasamadhi; Significance of Samyama and its applications, Parinamavad, Dharma and Dharmi, Parinamanyateva, Samyama on – Parinamatraya, knowledge of bhutaruta, Parachittajnana, Antardhana. Aparantajnana, Samyama on – Maitri, Surya, Chandra, Nabhichakra, Kanthakupa, Kaurmanadi, Murdhajyothi, Pratibha, Hrdaya, Swartha, Udana, Samana, and their benefits. Attainments of divyashrotra, Akashagamana, Bhutajaya, Animadi siddhi, Indriyajaya, Kaya Jaya, Sarvajnatva, Concept of Kaivalya in Patanjali Yoga Sutra, Kaivalya–Introduction, Siddhi, Jatyantaraparinama, Nirmanachitta.Karma, Vasana, Smriti and Samskara

3.3 Yoga Vashishtha:- Concept of Yoga: Introduction and Highlights of Yoga Vasishtha, Definitions of Yoga and their relevance in Yoga Vasishtha; Concept of Mind: World is the projection of Mind; ManahPrashamanahup ayah Yoga: Mind control through abhyasa ( practice) and vairagya (detachment); Concept of Jnana: Jnana Saptabhumika, the importance of knowledge and types of knowledge, Management of Mind and emotions-enhancing the power of discrimination (Viveka); Prana and Pranayama: Control of breathing; the story of Kakabhushanda, Understanding of the Concept of Adhi and Vyadhi; the concept of Prana & Pranayama; Concept of Samadhi and Moksha: Good Association; Self Enquiry; Development of Satvaguna (Good virtues), Eight Limbs of Meditation.

Unit 4:- Physiological & Psychological Effects of Hatha Yoga Practices

4.1 Shatkriyas and Sthula and Sukhsamvyayam Kriya:- Physiological benefits of sthula and sukhsamvyayam on the human body in preparation for yogic practice. Knowledge of sthula and sukhshmavyayam for different parts of the body; An overview of diffusion, osmosis, active transport across the cell membrane; the significance of using salt during the practice of Kshatriya; Tonicity of the solution such as hypotonic, hypertonic, and isotonic solution and the impact of the same on physiology; Effects of kriya on GIT and Respiratory physiology; peristalsis and mechanism of action, Effect of Kriyas in encouraging the peristalsis; Opening and closing of sphincter; Role of Kriyas in the smooth operation of sphincter; Mechanism of action of Kriya practices in the activation of the vagus nerve, the effect of Kriyas on gastric mucosa on the digestive system;Development of negative pressure and the impact of sustenance of the negative pressure in body physiology.

4.2 Asana: – Physiology of exercise, Asana – Types and Categories; Musculoskeletal system and mechanisms involved; Effect of Yogic practices in setting up the internal environment of the body, Mechanical influence of Yogasana; Psychosomatic mechanism; Mechanism of influence of six types of Yogasanas: stretching; pivoting; strengthening; inverted; pressing; equilibration, Reciprocal inhibition, and innervations; Concept of energy expenditure and role of asana practice on energy expenditure.

4.3 Pranayama: – Mechanism of respiratory system and gas exchange, Regulation of respiration, Psychophysiological effect of Pranayama: changing of the ratio of oxygen and carbonic carbon–dioxide in our body; enabling different groups of muscles in breathing; Pranayama as a respiratory pump; Reflex impact over the sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous system; Role of Pranayama on lung function test. Role of Pranayama and other Yoga practices on compliance, Ventilation-perfusion ratio, alveolar ventilation, dead space volume and minute ventilation, Neurophysiological mechanism of Kevala, Antar, and Bahirkumbhaka.

4.4 Meditation: – Different types of meditation impactthe central nervous system and peripheral nervous system. Different types of meditation have animpact on the cardiovascular system, respiratory system, nerve-muscle physiology. Meditation impacts the relaxation of every system of the body.

4.5 Mudra and Bandhas:- Nerve reflexes; Proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation; Effect of Bandhas on joint complexes; Central bandhas and co-activation of opposing muscles in spinal joint complexes; Jalandharabandha effects neck joint complexes; Uddiyanbandha effects upper joint complexes; and Moolabandha for lower back joint complexes; Isometric muscle activation and Bandhas; Synergistic muscle activation during Bandha practices; Navadvara and their significance in yoga; Principles behind the practice of Mudras; Resting membrane potential; transmission of nerve impulse; the significance of Neuropsychological lock and its impulse in body physiology; secretion of neurotransmitter in the brain; Role of mudra and its physiological functions of the body.

Practical Syllabus

UNIT 1: - Demo Skills:-

1.1 Recitation of Hymns and Mantras: –

  • Concept and Brief introduction to Pranav and hymns
  • Recitation of Pranav and Soham Japa
  • Recitation of Pratah-smaran, Dhyana mantra, Pranayama Mantra, Asana Mantra, Shanti Mantras.

1.2 Shatkarmas:- Demonstrating ability of preforming shatkarma

  • Vamandhauti, Vastradhauti, Dandadhauti
  • Neti (Sutra and Jal)
  • Kapalbhati, Agnisara
  • Nauli
  • Laghooand Poornasankhaprakshalana

1.3 Sukshma Vyayama, Sthula Vyayama and Suryanamaskar:-

  • Ucharan-sthal-tathtavishudhichakrashudhi
  • Budhitathadritishakivikasaka
  • Medhashaktivikasaka
  • Kapolshaktivikasaka
  • Grivashakti vikasak
  • Vakshasthalshaktivikasaka (i and ii)
  • Katishaktivikasaka (i,ii,iv,v)
  • Janghaskativikasaka (i,ii)
  • Pindalishkativikasaka
  • Hridgati and sarvangpushti.
  • Yogic Surya Namaskar of BSY, Swami Dhirendra Brahmachari and its Variations.

1. 4 Yogasanas:-

1. Standing Yogasana:-Tadasana, Ardhchakrasana, Vrikshasana, Padahastasana,  Veerbhadrasana and its variations. Garudasana, Parivrittatrikonasana, Parshakonasana.

2. Sitting Yogasana:- Paschimottanasana, Vajrasana, Suptavajrasana, Vakrasana, Gomukhasna, Marichyasana, Ardhamatsyendrasana, Uttanmandukasana, Sasakasana, Ustrasana, Dandasana, Mandukasana,  Kurmasana, Kukkutasana, Bhadrasana,

3. Prone lying Yogasana:- 

Makarasana, Bhujangasana,Salabhasana.Dhanurasana.

4. Supine lying Yogasana:- Uttanapadasana, Ardhahalasana,  Halasana, Chakrasana, Saral Matsyasana, Matsyasana, Pawanmuktasana & its variations, Naukasana, Shavasana, Setubandhasana, Sarvangasana.

5. Topsy Turvy Yogasana:– Sirshasna and its variation.

1.5 Pranayama: – Knowledge-Demo skills to perform the following practices.

  • Breath awareness
  • Sectional breathing,
  • Anuloma Vilom
  • Nadishodhana Pranayama.
  • SuryaBhedi- Chandrabhedi Pranayama
  • Ujjayi & Bhastrika Pranayama
  • Seetali & Sitali Pranayama

1.6 Meditation: Knowledge & Demo skills to Heal at the Physical, Mental, Prana,  and Conscious level with the mentioned practices.

  • Antarmaun
  • Ajapa japa
  • Yoga Nidra
  • Dharna
  • Om Meditation, Vipasana & Prekshadhyana

1.7 Bandhas- Mudras: – Knowledge & Demo skills to perform practices: –

  • Jalandhara, Uddiyana, Mool and Maha Bandha.
  • Maha Mudra, Bhairavi Mudra,Yoni Mudra,Shambhavi Mudra and Shandmukhi Mudra.

1.8 Yogic Counseling:- Introduction to counseling, natural approaches, and challenges; Approach to counseling- Attitude change towards Yoga through individualized counseling, Psychological & yogic method Tackling ill effects of conflict and Frustration; Yogic methods Yoga Psychology for Adjustment: Psychological, philosophical, and Yogic counseling; the remedial measures; Action in the relaxation-the secret of Karma Yoga; Psycho-physiological effects and health benefits of Pranayama, Shatkarma; Bandha and Mudra; Psychophysiological effects and health benefits of Meditation.

UNIT 2: - Yogic Therapeutic mgmt for disorders:-

2.1 Role of Yoga practices on various musculoskeletal disorders like Back Pain, Neck pain, Arthritis, Fibromyalgia, and Muscular dystrophy; Role of Yogic Diet on Musculo-Skeletal Disorders.

2.2 Role of Yoga practices on various Respiratory Disorders like Bronchial Asthma, Bronchitis, Allergic Rhinitis, Sleep Apnea & Sinusitis; Role of Yogic Diet on Respiratory Disorders.

2.3 Role of Yoga practices on various Cardiovascular disorders like Hypertension, Atherosclerosis / Coronary artery disease, Angina pectoris / Myocardial Infarction; Role of Yogic Diet on Cardiovascular disorders.

2.4 Role of Yoga practices on various Neurological Disorder like Migraine, Headaches, Cerebrovascular accidents, Epilepsy, Parkinson’s disease, Hearing impairment; Role of Yogic Diet on Neurological Disorder.

2.5 Role of Yoga practices on various Digestive and Excretory Disorders like Dyspepsia, Hyperacidity, Peptic Ulcers, Constipation, hemorrhoids, and irritable bowel syndrome; Role of Yogic Diet on Digestive and Excretory Disorders.

2.6 Role of Yoga practices on various Obstetric & Gynecological Disorders like Menstrual disorders (menstrual cramp, dysmenorrheal, pre-menstrual syndrome), polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS/PCOD), Pre-eclampsia or pregnancy-induced hypertension (PIH), Menopausal discomfort (anxiety, irritability, insomnia, hot flashes.); Role of Yogic Diet on Obstetric & Gynecological Disorders

2.7 Role of Yoga practices on various Endocrine& Metabolic Disorders like Diabetes Mellitus, Thyroid Disorders, Obesity and Metabolic Syndrome; Role of Yogic Diet on Endocrine &Metabolic disorders.

2.8 Role of Yoga practices on various Psychological and Psychiatric Disorders like Obsessive Compulsive Disorder, Post-traumatic stress disorder, Depression, Anxiety, Schizophrenia, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, and Substance abuse; Role of Yogic Counseling Diet on Psychological and Psychiatric Disorder.

2.9 Role of Yoga practices on various old age problems like Spinal deformity, loss of coordination, imbalance, improper gait pattern, Stress, Alzheimer’s disease, Stress, Depression, and reduction of all physiological functions; Role of Yogic Diet in old age.

UNIT 3: - Assessment Skill: -

3.1 Anthropometry measurements: -Weight, stature, eye height, Body Mass Index, Body Surface Area, Shoulder height, elbow height, head circumference, neck circumference, mid-upper arm circumference, chest circumference, waist circumference, hip circumference, waist-hip ratio, Measurement of fat percentage.

3.2 Physiological parameters and clinical examination: Knowledge of Clinical examination, heart rate, pulse rate, and respiratory rate.

3.3 Knowledge of the effect of Yogasana (lying, sitting, standing positions), suryanamaskar, Pranayama, and Meditation on the human body, Spirometry, knowledge of Reflexes, and Measurement of the strength of muscle. Measurement of flexibility. Recording of ECG, EEG, GSR, and respiration.

3.4 Physical measurements: -Effects of exercise, cold stress, and postural change on blood pressure and pulse rate, Measurement of strength and flexibility of muscle.

3.5 Understanding of muscles physiology with the help of model/chart and its practical applications in Asana.

3.6 Knowledge of COG, LOG, and BOS in Asanas (in Sitting, standing, lying, and balancing asanas).

3.7 Knowledge of Biomechanics of Yogic postures.

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